Close this search box.

MIL-STD-810 Shock Testing: Ensuring Product Resilience in the Face of Sudden Impacts

KIMDU Technologies featured images - white paper

MIL-STD-810 Shock Testing. Delve into the world of shock testing as defined in MIL-STD-810. Explore the rigorous shock testing procedures outlined in MIL-STD-810 to ensure your products can withstand sudden impacts and mechanical disturbances effectively.

This white paper explores shock testing as defined in MIL-STD-810, a standard developed by the United States Department of Defense. Sudden impacts and mechanical disturbances can pose significant challenges to product durability and reliability. By subjecting products to controlled shock tests, manufacturers can assess their resilience. This paper provides an in-depth understanding of MIL-STD-810 shock testing, its procedures, and its importance in ensuring product durability.

Introduction: In a world where products are exposed to various environmental stresses, one of the most challenging scenarios is dealing with sudden impacts and mechanical disturbances. To ensure that products can withstand such challenges, the United States Department of Defense (DoD) has developed rigorous testing procedures for shock testing as outlined in MIL-STD-810. This white paper focuses on understanding the significance of shock testing and how it is defined in MIL-STD-810.

Shock Testing in MIL-STD-810: Shock testing, as per MIL-STD-810, is designed to evaluate a product’s ability to withstand sudden and severe mechanical impacts. These impacts can occur during transportation, handling, or operation, and it’s essential to ensure that products remain functional and structurally sound under such conditions. MIL-STD-810 provides a structured framework for conducting these tests.

Key Aspects of Shock Testing in MIL-STD-810: To comprehensively understand shock testing, it’s important to explore some key aspects of the testing process as defined in MIL-STD-810:

  1. Test Profiles: The standard provides specific shock test profiles, including duration, magnitude, and pulse shapes, which are designed to simulate real-world scenarios. These profiles ensure that products are tested under conditions relevant to their intended use.
  2. Shock Types: MIL-STD-810 covers various types of shocks, such as mechanical shock, pyroshock, and crash safety shock, ensuring that products are tested against different shock scenarios.
  3. Test Equipment: The standard outlines the equipment and instrumentation required for conducting shock tests, ensuring uniformity and accuracy in the testing process.
  4. Mounting and Fixturing: Proper mounting and fixturing of the product being tested are critical to replicating real-world conditions accurately. The standard provides guidance on these aspects.
  5. Data Collection: Shock testing involves collecting data on how the product responds to sudden impacts. This data is vital for evaluating the product’s performance.
  6. Failure Criteria: MIL-STD-810 specifies failure criteria, helping manufacturers determine whether a product has passed or failed the shock tests.

Compliance Levels in MIL-STD-810: MIL-STD-810 offers different compliance levels (A through H), allowing manufacturers to tailor their shock testing based on the product’s intended use and importance. Higher compliance levels demand more stringent testing, while lower levels may be sufficient for less critical applications.

Custom Testing: Manufacturers can also design custom shock test scenarios if the standard ones do not accurately represent their product’s expected environment.

Benefits of MIL-STD-810 Shock Testing: Embracing shock testing as per MIL-STD-810 offers several advantages:

  1. Enhanced Product Reliability: Products that pass shock testing are more likely to perform reliably in applications where sudden impacts and disturbances are common.
  2. Improved Structural Integrity: Weaknesses and vulnerabilities in product design can be identified and addressed through testing, resulting in products that are structurally sound.
  3. Cost Savings: Avoiding field failures and costly product replacements can lead to substantial cost savings for manufacturers.

Real-World Applications of Shock Testing: Shock testing per MIL-STD-810 is relevant in various industries, including:

  1. Aerospace and Aviation: Aircraft components must endure shock from takeoffs, landings, and turbulence.
  2. Automotive: Vehicle components, such as airbags and suspension systems, must withstand shocks from collisions and road irregularities.
  3. Electronics: Electronic devices may experience shocks during transportation and handling.
  4. Industrial Equipment: Machinery used in manufacturing and construction may undergo shocks during operation.

Challenges and Considerations: While MIL-STD-810 shock testing offers significant benefits, it also presents challenges:

  1. Cost: Comprehensive shock testing can be expensive due to the specialized equipment and resources required.
  2. Complexity: Properly conducting shock tests requires expertise in test setup, data collection, and analysis.
  3. Customization: Tailoring tests to accurately represent real-world scenarios can be challenging and time-consuming.

Conclusion: Shock testing per MIL-STD-810 is a critical component of assessing a product’s resilience against sudden impacts and mechanical disturbances. By subjecting products to controlled shocks that simulate real-world conditions, manufacturers can enhance their reliability, structural integrity, and overall performance. Adherence to this standard ensures that products can withstand the mechanical stresses they may encounter, making them more reliable and valuable in a wide range of applications.


  1. MIL-STD-810G, “Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests,” U.S. Department of Defense, 31 Oct 2008. Link

Kimdu Technologies